Direct Tax Code gets Cabinet's approval
The Union Cabinet has approved a new set of direct tax rules that proposes to raise income tax exemption limit from 1.6 lakh to 2 lakh, leaving more money in the hands of individuals, and a lower tax rate for companies. The much-awaited Direct Taxes Code, or DTC, Bill, which seeks to replace the nearly 50-year-old income tax law, is likely to be introduced in Parliament on Monday and may then be referred to a select committee of members of both houses of Parliament. The basic exemption limit is proposed to be raised to 2 lakh from the current 1.6 lakh and corporate tax rate for both domestic and foreign companies proposed is at 30%, finance minister Pranab Mukherjee said after the meeting of the Union Cabinet. Senior citizens and women will enjoy a higher exemption to up to 2.5 lakh. There will be no surcharge or cess on companies, thereby bringing the corporate tax rate to 30% from present 34%. The new code proposes three income tax slabs—income of up to 2-5 lakh will face 10%, 5-10 lakh will attract 20% and income over 10 lakh will face tax at the rate of 30%. The housing loan exemption of 1.5 lakh would also be available to individual taxpayers on the interest component. The new changes in the tax rates, expected to come into effect from April 1, 2011, could lead to some loss in revenue and raise the government deficit. However, the government proposes to raise the minimum alternate tax (MAT) on book profits to 20% from current 18%. The move will be a big blow for Reliance and a host of IT and infrastructure companies that pay MAT. The government has given a go-by to original proposal of MAT on gross assets after drawing strong criticism from the industry. It had also proposed to tax longterm savings like provident fund at the time of withdrawal. The revised draft that was made public some time ago exempted them. Securitities transaction tax will remain as the current regime is being continued for the capital market transactions, said a senior cabinet minister who attended the meeting. Dividend distribution tax rate of 15% remains unchanged. The finance minister who seeks to phase out profit-linked incentives for corporate sector has given relief to the developers of special economic zones and units located in them by dropping the original proposal of withdrawing all tax benefits once the code comes into effect. SEZs may be able to enjoy tax sops for two more years. The government had announced its intention to introduce a revised and simplified Income-Tax Bill while presenting the Union Budget for 2005-06. Subsequently, work was undertaken on drafting the code to replace the current Income-tax Act, 1961 and the Wealth-tax Act, 1957.