The Chinese government planned the Galwan Valley clash with ‘fatalities’ on the Indian side in mind, according to a report by a top US security committee.
The US-China Economic and Security Review Commission told the US Congress in its annual report that just weeks before the June 15 faceoff, China had signalled its intent to escalate tensions with India along the Line of Actual Control (LAC). The report noted that “if China’s goal was ‘to acquire territory... [the Chinese government] might deem the moves a success’. If Beijing intended to dissuade India from building infrastructure on its side of the LAC or warn it against aligning with the US, however, ‘then the Chinese moves have been ineffective, if not counterproductive’.” USCC was formed in 2000 and investigates national security and trade issues between China and the US. While the "exact motivations behind the Chinese government’s provocative behaviour" on the LAC "this year remain unclear", the report said, the "proximate cause" of the clash appeared to be India’s construction of a "strategic access road to support troops".