A rock art site said to be from the Mesolithic Age (also known as Middle Stone Age) has been discovered at Kasipur, Bommalaramaram in Telangana’s Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district. A group of history enthusiasts who came across the site also found a prehistoric iron melting point near the rockart shelter.
According to archaeologist E Sivanagi Reddy who examined the site, it is around 12,000 years old.
Of the 70 rock art sites found so far, 35 have been identified by the group, Kotta Telangana Charitra Brundam, after the formation of Telangana.
Sriramoju Haragopal, who led the group, climbed up on the 30-ft hillock, where he identified many red ochre paintings on the inner side of a rock shelter.
However, human intervention damaged some of the paintings in another cave. “At a nearby cave, villagers were worshipping the paintings, and it became a temple of Lord Venkateswara,” said Haragopal, adding: “As villagers had superimposed a lime coat, many rock paintings were lost. ”
“Pictures of four bison, two men, and an animal resembling a horse are visible at another place now. The figure of a man standing behind the four bison is drawn using the X pattern. The other human standing near the bison is similar to the petroglyph (rock carving) of a man with a weapon at a site in Regonda mandal of Jayashankar Bhupalpally district,” Haragopal said. The team also found microlith rock tools downstream.
Further, a cairn cyst and a menhir were also identified in the vicinity. The team identified evidence of pre-historic iron melting in the form of iron slag and iron pieces at a nearby cave.
The tools, rock art style, items and bison in the paintings indicate that the rock art site belongs to the microlithic age.