The government approved the financial outlay of over Rs 4 lakh crore for two major programmes for urban areas to make cities cleaner, garbage-free and 100% access to clean drinking water in the next five years. PM Narendra Modi launched both the programmes—Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) 2.0 and AMRUT 2.0 —on October 1.
The main thrust of the SBM (U) 2.0 will be the remediation of all legacy dumpsites to free up 14,000 acres of locked up land lying under 15 crore tonnes of legacy waste.
According to an official release, SMB 2.0 will focus on sustainability of open defecation free outcomes, achieving scientific processing of solid waste and managing wastewater in cities with less than one lakh population. It said the Cabinet has approved the financial outlay of approximately Rs 1.42 lakh crore, which is 2.5 times more than the outlay for the first phase of the mission. The Central share in the scheme will be barely Rs 36,465 crore.
One of the key features of the programme include complete liquid waste management in cities in less than one lakh population to ensure that systems and processes are set up in every city so that all wastewater is safely contained, collected, transported and treated and no wastewater pollutes water bodies. It also targets 100% source segregation of waste along with functional Material Recovery Facilities in every city, with a focus on phasing out single use plastic and setting up of construction and demolition waste processing facilities and deployment of mechanical sweepers in National Clean Air Programme cities and in cities with more than five lakh population The AMRUT 2.0 outlay is of Rs 2.77 lakh crore, which aims at making cities ‘water secure’ and ‘self-sustainable’ through circular economy of water. “The cabinet understands that providing reliable and affordable water supply and sanitation services to urban households is a national priority. This will be achieved by providing functional tap connections to all households, undertaking water source conservation, rejuvenation of water bodies, recycle/ re-use of treated used water and rainwater harvesting,” the official release said.